In the dynamic realm of modern governance, the IRS is leading with groundbreaking initiatives, particularly as it integrates AI. As the IRS plans to use AI more extensively, this blog delves deep into its pivotal role in transforming tax enforcement, especially in its focus on wealthy taxpayers. We’ll explore the significant implications AI brings for tax compliance and offer an in-depth look at how this technological adoption is revolutionizing the IRS’s approach to taxation.

How IRS is Using AI to Detect and Manage Compliance Risks

AI’s role in identifying and mitigating compliance risks through advanced analytics, monitoring, and data analysis in various industries will be explored. Here are the highlights of this update:

· Use of Inflation Reduction Act Funding

The IRS is tapping into the financial resources made available by the Inflation Reduction Act to bolster its efforts in enforcing tax compliance. This infusion of funding is a crucial element in the agency’s latest initiatives.

· Use of AI and Advanced Tech for Strategic Improvement

As part of its forward-thinking strategy, the IRS plans to use AI and advanced technology to modernize and optimize tax enforcement. This technological shift represents a significant leap forward in the IRS’s approach to ensuring tax compliance.

· Adopting Strategies for Addressing High-Income and Wealthy Taxpayers

In its commitment to upholding tax compliance, the IRS has strategically targeted wealthy taxpayers, focusing on high-income individuals and affluent entities. This approach is reflective of the agency’s dedication to addressing tax issues prevalent among the most financially influential segments of the population.

Enhancing the Large Partnership Compliance Initiative: Focus Points

1. Expanding the Large Partnership Compliance (LPC) Program

The IRS has decided to significantly ramp up its oversight of large partnerships through the LPC program. This initiative, initiated in 2021, has been instrumental in identifying and addressing tax compliance issues within these complex business structures.

  • LPC Expansion: As part of its effort to enhance compliance, the IRS is broadening the LPC program to encompass a more extensive range of large partnerships. Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology, developed in collaboration with experts in data science and tax enforcement, is set to play a pivotal role in this expansion. AI will be leveraged to more efficiently select partnership returns for examination.
  • Scope and Targets: This expansion will involve the examination of 75 of the largest partnerships, each having an average of more than $10 billion in assets. By extending its scrutiny to these substantial partnerships, the IRS aims to ensure that even the most significant players in the business world are adhering to tax laws and regulations.

2. AI’s Role in Return Selection

AI, co-developed with data and tax professionals, is pivotal for the Large Partnership Compliance Initiative. It utilizes algorithms to pinpoint examination-worthy partnership returns. The IRS, using AI, sifts through financial data to identify compliance concerns.

AI transforms the return evaluation process, detecting patterns and discrepancies that may elude human auditors. It also ranks partnership returns for review based on risk and past compliance, enhancing IRS efficiency and ensuring fairer, more effective compliance measures.

3. Targeted Industries

The IRS is particularly scrutinizing several industries as part of the Large Partnership Compliance Initiative. These targeted sectors include:

  • Hedge Funds: Hedge funds often involve complex financial transactions and structures, making them susceptible to compliance issues.
  • Real Estate Investment Partnerships: The real estate sector has unique tax considerations, and large partnerships in this industry are closely examined to ensure compliance.
  • Publicly Traded Partnerships: Publicly traded partnerships, including those in the energy sector, are under scrutiny due to their complex organizational structures and tax implications.
  • Large Law Firms: Large law firms with partnership structures are also subject to examination, as they may have intricate financial arrangements.

How IRS plans to use AI to Zero in on Ultra-Wealthy Taxpayers

Utilizing AI to Identify wealthy Taxpayers

The IRS plans to use AI to pinpoint wealthy taxpayers with annual incomes of $1 million and above. This strategic use of AI technology enhances the IRS’s ability to identify individuals with substantial financial means.

Spotlight on Tax Evasion Cases Exceeding $250,000

The IRS’s focus extends to individuals who have been involved in tax evasion cases involving sums greater than $250,000. This targeted approach ensures that the most substantial cases of tax evasion are addressed with precision.

Safeguarding Audit Rates for Earners under $400,000

AI-driven technology is reshaping how the IRS prioritizes and initiates audits. While the IRS is enhancing its enforcement efforts, it remains committed to protecting taxpayers earning under $400,000 per year. We’ll examine how the agency plans to ensure audit rates for this demographic do not increase.

AI’s Impact on Tax Evasion Detection and Compliance

AI is changing how we catch tax cheats. The IRS is getting more money to go after people and companies who avoid paying taxes using tricky methods. But this money has caused a political fight. Republicans worry the IRS will go after regular folks and small businesses too much. So, Democrats and Biden must prove that the money is mostly for catching rich people and big companies who dodge taxes.

This AI tech is a game-changer. It’s super-efficient and accurate at spotting tax evasion. That’s a big deal for making sure everyone pays what they owe in taxes.

IRS Commissioner’s Perspective on AI’s Role

During a briefing, IRS Commissioner Daniel Werfel spotlighted the complexities these cases present, particularly as the IRS plans to use AI to enhance their operations. He stated that the IRS has been consistently under-resourced and understaffed to manage partnerships. Werfel emphasized that this challenge has overwhelmed the agency for years.

IRS’s Investment in Resources

In line with the IRS plans to use AI, here are some key investments the agency has made in resources:

  • New Staff Hiring: The IRS is expanding its workforce. They’re bringing in more experienced and specialized technical personnel. This is crucial for examining complex tax returns, especially those from big multinational companies.
  • Funding from the Inflation Reduction Act: The IRS is also using money from the Inflation Reduction Act to step up their game. They’re investing in new technologies, which will make their operations much better. They’re looking to become a top-notch agency, improving both their internal workings and their service to the public.
  • Controversy and Compromise: However, there’s been a lot of debate about how the IRS should get this funding. Some people are worried that the IRS might misuse it or go after regular folks too aggressively. So, there’s a need for compromise and accountability to make sure the money is well spent.

The IRS is concentrating on ensuring high-income entities pay their fair share of taxes. Given its crucial role in national finances, it’s essential for Congress to consistently fund the IRS for optimal service and fair tax enforcement.


The IRS plans to use AI as a pioneering force in tax enforcement, leveraging Artificial Intelligence to pinpoint compliance risks, focus on high-income individuals, and streamline audits. The adoption of AI stands to benefit not only the IRS but also taxpayers, by boosting efficiency, ensuring fairness, and improving taxpayer services. This technological advancement is crucial in making tax compliance more accessible and equitable for all.

Key Takeaways:

  • The IRS is pioneering the use of AI in tax enforcement.
  • AI identifies compliance risks, targets high-income individuals, and streamlines audits.
  • AI benefits the IRS and taxpayers by increasing efficiency and fairness.
  • Improved taxpayer services result from AI implementation.
  • AI makes tax compliance more accessible and equitable.

As AI evolves, the future of tax enforcement holds exciting possibilities. Stay tuned for developments in AI-driven strategies, as the IRS modernizes tax enforcement for a fair and efficient system.

If you enjoyed reading this article, be sure to explore our other blogs on Accounting, Tax, and Outsourcing! 

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